AVs are being developed by major automotive brands all across the world, and vehicles with lower levels of automation are already driving on our roads. As the technology advances over the coming years, more and more of the actual control of the vehicle will transfer from the driver to the vehicle itself.
The main benefits of AVs include increased safety, reduced driver fatigue, improved fuel efficiency and lower emissions which in turn reduce pollution and offer health and environmental benefits to the community.
As technology develops, these vehicle will also be able to connect to their environment and other road users — increase in connectivity; they will become Connected & Automated Vehicles (CAVs)
Using a combination of networks and technology, CAVs are able to connect with their wider environment, communicating V2V, V2I and V2X.
Sensors are combined to operate as a single unit to produce automated functionality via a processing unit.
Powerful radio waves used to detect long-range objects
Optically captures objects
Light Radar uses short range optical light to detect objects
Uses soundwaves to produce images
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE
Road markings and signage need to be updated and prepared to accommodate the new technology. Different Communication networks like 4G/5G and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) need to be established. The Australian Road Rules also need to adapt to encapsulate this new era of driving and more emphasis needs to be put on Cyber Security and Privacy.